HIV/AIDS Information
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WHAT IS HIV?

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that can lead to an AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) diagnosis. HIV affects the body’s immune system, eventually making it more vulnerable to diseases and infections. Without testing, HIV can go unnoticed for years in the body and cause damage. It is important to remember that there is no cure for HIV or AIDS, but there are effective treatments and the virus is preventable

HOW IS HIV TRANSMITTED?

  • Unprotected Sexual Contact: Anal, vaginal, and/or oral sex, without condoms, with someone who is living with HIV
  • Direct Blood Contact: Sharing needles or drug works (cottons, mixing, or snorting equipment) with someone who is living with HIV (this is also a big risk for Hepatitis C).
  • Mother to Child: In utero, during vaginal delivery, and breast feeding if the mother is living with HIV

  • The Best Ways to Prevent HIV Transmission are:

    • Consistent and correct use of latex or polyethylene condoms for anal, vaginal and/or oral sex.
    • Not sharing needles or works (cottons, mixing, or snorting equipment).
    • Abstinence (not having sex)
    • Getting tested for HIV and STDs regularly, talking about your HIV status with your partners, and taking the necessary steps to minimize risk (see next column).
    • If you are living with HIV, accessing regular medical care and being adherent to your HIV medications can help you stay healthy and can help reduce (but not eliminate) your risk of transmitting HIV to your partners.

HOW DO I REDUCE MY RISK?

Use condoms every time you have sex. You can make condoms more pleasurable by:

  • Finding the right condom for you (size, texture, thickness, color, etc.).
  • Finding a water-based or silicon-based lube that you like.
  • Putting a few drops of lube inside the tip of the condom before rolling it on.
  • Use plenty of water-based or silicon-based lube during anal or vaginal sex to reduce tearing.
  • Have oral sex instead of unprotected anal or vaginal sex. While not risk-free, oral sex is less risky than anal or vaginal sex in transmitting the HIV virus.
  • Avoid ejaculating into the anus, vagina, and mouth of others, and don’t let them ejaculate in you.
  • Reduce the number of partners with who you have unprotected sex or share drug works (cottons, mixing, or snorting equipment). This could also include being in a monogamous relationship with someone whom you talk openly about risk and any sexual or drug use agreements.

WHAT HIV DOES CAP USE?

Here at CAP and Pivot, we test for HIV antibodies using the Clearview Complete rapid test kit. Test results are ready in 15 minutes, and are over 99% accurate, and are completely confidential.

WHAT IS THE WINDOW PERIOD?

When someone becomes infected with HIV, the body produces antibodies to ¬fight off the virus. Most people (97%) will develop HIV antibodies within 3 months after infection. We call the gap between HIV infection, and the body’s response, the “Window Period”. Testing 3 months after your last risk for HIV is the best way to ensure an accurate test result.

STDS & HIV

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD’s) can increase your chances of becoming infected with, or transmitting HIV. Sores or inflammation associated with syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and herpes can increase the likelihood of transmitting HIV during sex (oral, vaginal and anal) by 2-5 times.

STD TESTING

Testing regularly for common STDs - and getting treatment when you need it - can improve your overall health, and if you are HIV negative, reduce your risk for transmitting HIV. Pivot and Multnomah County Health Department offer free or low cost STD testing options weekly for men who have sex with men. Results are ready in two weeks. Free treatments are also available for you and your partners if you test positive for an STD.

Contact your local health department or the Oregon HIV/STD Hotline for additional information on where to access other STD testing options in your area.

VACCINATIONS

There is not a vaccination for HIV yet, but there are vaccines for other sexually transmitted infections like Hepatitis A & B, and HPV. Getting vaccinated is a quick and easy way to protect yourself and your partner from unnecessary health complications.

Contact your local health department or the Oregon HIV/STD Hotline for information on where to access free or low-cost vaccinations.

TESTING LOCATIONS

MULTNOMAH COUNTY

Pivot

(Free testing for men who have sex with men)
209 SW 4th Avenue, Portland, OR | 503.445.7699 | www.pivotpdx.org
Testing 5x Week: Tues 5-8:30pm (HIV/STD)
Wed 1-3:30pm (HIV/STD)
Wednesday - Saturday 3-9pm (HIV)

Cascade AIDS Project (Testing for All)


208 SW 5th Avenue, 8th Floor, Portland, OR | 503.278.3879 | www.cascadeaids.org
Testing Monday – Friday: 10am-4pm

CLACKAMAS COUNTY

Beavercreek Clinic/Oregon City

1425 Beavercreek Rd. | 503.665.8471
Tuesday 3:30-6:30pm (Free Rapid HIV Test)

Sunnyside Health & Wellness Center

9775 SE Sunnyside Road, Suite 200
2nd & 4th Wednesdays 4:30pm - 6:30pm (Free Rapid HIV Test)

CLARK COUNTY

HIV Test Clinic/Vancouver, WA (Free testing for men who have sex with men)

3701 E. Fourth Plain Blvd | 360.750.7964
Tues 11-1pm & Thurs 4-8pm (HIV/STD)

WASHINGTON COUNTY

Beaverton Clinic

12550 SW 2ND ST. | 503.223.5907
Monday 5:30-7:30pm (Free Rapid HIV Test)

QUESTIONS?

Oregon HIV/STD Hotline - 800.777.2437
Apoyo Latino - 800.499.6940

Se habla español. Testing hours and locations are subject to change. Please call or visit our websites for the most up-to-date information.